Waste management is an essential element of both environmental protection and broadly defined economy, hence the analysis of waste management should include not only environmental but also economic issues. Improperly conducted waste management may cause pollution of all environment elements - soil, water and air, but also cause e.g. noise.
Despite the progress that has been made in recent years in the area of waste management, it is necessary to increase the development of infrastructure for managing waste, which gives priority to waste prevention, preparing for reuse and recycling. The implementation of modern waste management will bring positive economic effect (re-use of raw materials and energy recovery from waste), as well as improve the quality of life (reduce nuisance related to excessive storage of waste).
As part of the activities the development of municipal waste management system will be primarily supported in order to replace the currently prevailing method of waste management (i.e. storage) with methods conducive to the practical application. The so called hierarchy of methods of handling waste is also important in this context. The hierarchy means firstly preventing waste and then subsequently the preparation for reuse, recycling, other recovery methods (i.e. the use of waste, for example, incineration with energy recovery), disposal, the least desirable way of the management being storage.
Operational Programme "Infrastructure and Environment 2014-2020" provides within the framework of action, Action 2.2. "Municipal waste management", to support the following three types of projects:
- 01 Projects covering the elements of waste management compatible with the hierarchy of methods of handling waste, including installations for waste incineration. Actions covering the infrastructure elements in keeping with the hierarchy which are missing in the regions of municipal waste management will be supported, including, as an element allowing the system closure, installations for thermal treatment of waste (i.e. waste incinerators).
- 02 Projects covering the elements of waste management compatible with the hierarchy of methods of handling waste, excluding installations for waste incineration. These types of projects will be implemented in the regions of municipal waste management in which the installation for waste incineration is already functioning, or the construction of this type of facility is merely planned.
- 03 Projects concerning solely installations for waste incineration. In waste management regions which at the stage of selecting projects for funding will be provided a comprehensive system of waste management, and the missing element for the closure - according to the investment plan - will be an installation for municipal waste incineration. Then the construction, reconstruction or repair of such an installation can be implemented as stand-alone projects.
Under the Partnership Agreement with the European Commission only projects included in the investment plans relating to municipal waste created by the province governments will be financed from the EU funds.
Product costs eligible for subsidy varies depending on the type of project, but in principle includes any capital expenditure necessary for the implementation of the project, such as:
- project preparation costs (e.g. feasibility study, environmental impact report, technical documentation, financial and economic analyses, research and expert opinions);
- purchase of real estate necessary for the implementation of the;
- the cost of the acquisition of fixed assets and intangible assets;
- construction and civil engineering, installation, supervision over the implementation of investments;
- research and expert opinions, the costs of financial services and;
- investments in additional infrastructure associated.
The intensity of support for public entities usually reaches up to 80-85% of the total investment!
Within waste management we have acquired funding for the following projects among others:
- The construction of a small biogas power plant in the Regional Waste Management Plant in Lulkowo;
- The construction of thermal processes wastes of plastics installation;
- The development of technology for the production of second-generation fuels from glycerol waste.