Quite often the reason why entrepreneurs refrain from conducting own research is the lack of appropriate facilities. This concerns primarily special instruments and equipment, as well as space dedicated to R&D activities. Very often it is the R&D infrastructure that is the largest expenditure related to the conduct of research.
The financial perspective 2007-2013 did not provide for subsidies of the so-called "hard investments" associated with research activities, which is why the emergence of such a possibility in the financial perspective 2014-2020 generates such a large interest! Enterprises from both the SME sector as well as large companies may apply for grants. Funds dedicated to infrastructure purchases were allocated to national and regional programs.
Examples of programmes for funding investment in research infrastructure of enterprises
Smart Growth Operational Programme, Measure 2.1 Support for investments in R&D infrastructure of enterprises - the measure is aimed at SMEs and large enterprises
The programme is dedicated to the support of the creation and development of R & D infrastructure of enterprises. The premise of the measure is co-financing investments in equipment, facilities and buildings and other necessary infrastructure that will serve the purpose of carrying out research and development to create innovative products and services. Projects will be implemented only in the areas of National Smart Specialisation. The institution evaluating projects and awarding grants is the Ministry of Development.
Costs eligible for financing
As part of infrastructure projects the following investment costs are co-financed:
- purchase of land with and without buildings (including the right of perpetual usufruct);
- purchase or construction of machinery, equipment and production lines, together with the cost of installation and commissioning;
- purchase of works and building materials;
- purchase of intangible assets in the form of patents, licenses, know-how and other intellectual property rights;
- costs of technical expertise and the costs of advisory and equivalent services used for the project.
Criteria for assessing applications
In infrastructure projects such as Smart Growth Operational Programme measure 2.1., grants are awarded based on the following factors:
- documented cooperation with scientific institutions - during the assessment of the application, the nature and form of such cooperation and proper selection of the entity in relation to the planned research is taken into account;
- share of expenditure on R&D in total capital expenditures - the estimated value of expenditure on R&D activities generated as a result of or in relation to the implementation of the project in relation to the total capital expenditure of the company in a given period is examined;
- expected number of new jobs for R&D employees - growth of employment in R&D compared to current levels of employment in the Applicant's business is estimated.
The key when assessing applications is also the fulfilment of the obligatory substantive criteria, such as fitting the project into National Smart Specialisations, demonstrating the profitability and financial sustainability of the project and proper preparation of the Applicants for the project.